GuidesUser experience (UX)The ultimate UX design process guide (2024)

The ultimate UX design process guide (2024)

Last updated

26 March 2024


Chloe Garnham

When designing a new product, you don’t necessarily know how users will respond to it in the real world. Even if you’ve done some research and designed a product you think users will love, the way to success is through the user experience (UX) design process. 

UX design helps involve the end user, understanding their wants and needs, and ultimately designing more relevant, helpful, and satisfying products that succeed in the competitive marketplace once they launch. 

What is UX design?

UX design is the process of creating products and services with users in mind. That means developing products that are simple to use, solve real-world problems, and provide meaningful experiences. 

The UX design process involves deeply understanding customers––their wants, needs, pain points, preferences, and even the things they may not consciously realize––to develop better, more helpful, and more intuitive products. 

By involving the user, there’s a greater chance of products performing well, users remaining loyal to your brand, and contributing to the success of your business. 

Why is the UX design process necessary?

Designing based on assumptions about your users' wants and needs is often problematic. That means you’re creating not for your users but based on your thoughts and beliefs. 

Instead, the UX design process ensures that the user is a crucial part of the product’s creation so that the final result is actually relevant and valuable for them.  

UX design has many benefits, including: 

  • Boosted user satisfaction: Products designed with UX principles in mind are more likely to meet the needs and wants of the end user.

  • Better engagement: Satisfying products will increase engagement and user retention.

  • Higher conversion rates: Users will stay on track when your product has less friction (when they’re not overwhelmed with options, for instance). A positive UX—seamless, beneficial, and enjoyable—will help users towards completing the desired action.

  • Increased customer loyalty: Satisfied customers are also more likely to be loyal to your products and brand, keeping them returning for more.

  • Getting a competitive edge: By providing exceptionally user-centric products, you’ll gain an edge over your competition, who may not understand their customers as deeply as you do. 

What is the UX design process? Our 8-step guide 

Following these eight overarching steps can help perform best practice UX design processes. 

1. Define goals

Before conducting any research, it’s essential to outline your core goals. Doing so defines the focus, ensures you perform the right research in the right areas, and nets the insights necessary to improve. 

Some examples of UX goals include: 

  • Develop an immersive virtual reality (VR) gaming experience that is seamless.

  • Design a new time-management app with an intuitive and user-friendly interface.

  • Create a simple and fast shopping cart experience.

  • Design a new language-learning app that is intuitive and helps users learn faster.

2. Research

Once your goals are defined, conducting the relevant research is crucial. 

UX research can be conducted across various core areas using multiple techniques. 

Key techniques for conducting user research

Some of the most common techniques used in UX research include: 

  • Interviews: UX researchers often use interviews to gain qualitative, in-depth insights into users’ thinking, preferences, and pain points.

  • Online surveys: Online surveys enable the product team to gather insights efficiently from a large audience. They can provide valuable quantitative and qualitative data on user preferences, behaviors, and opinions, informing design decisions and product improvements.

  • Focus groups: Invaluable during the early stages of the UX design process, focus groups foster group discussions and interactions among participants to gather qualitative insights. This data can then be synthesized into recommendations for product directions or opportunities, guiding the design strategy and decision-making process.

  • User testing: Through user testing, real-life users can try prototypes or live products and offer feedback. Screen recordings also help teams understand where users might get lost or confused. Depending on the process stage, you may have your users try a simple prototype or trial a Beta version. User testing can be beneficial for highlighting friction and frustration within products.  

Why is user research critical in the UX design process? 

Research is critical to UX design. It helps teams gather essential user information and apply it to create better, more satisfying experiences. 

UX research helps to: 

  • Grasp the problem space

  • Validate design decisions 

  • Streamline products 

  • Improve usability 

  • Identify user wants, needs, and pain points

  • Reduce the overall risk of the project 

Why is UX research conducted first? 

By conducting UX research at the outset, it’s simpler to understand users, set design priorities, gain an overall direction, and validate any assumptions the team has made, setting the tone for the next steps. 

3. Analysis and planning

After collecting enough data from multiple sources, combining, analyzing, and generating actionable insights is necessary. 

The analysis process includes organizing data into relevant categories (based on theme, sentiment, or research type) to spot trends and patterns. 

Using a tool like Dovetail, an all-in-one platform for gathering, storing, and quickly analyzing for fast-actionable insights, hastens the process and ensures the key takeaways are shareable with relevant stakeholders. 

Once you discover actionable insights, you can embed them into the design process to enhance the overall user experience.

Methods of analyzing user research

There are various ways to analyze user research. Your project's proper method(s) will depend on the overall goals and the information you’ve gathered. 

Some standard methods of analyzing research include: 

  • Coding: By assigning codes or labels to pieces of research, it’s simple to organize them by sentiment or category of feedback (this can help your team to identify core issues and address them quickly.

  • Thematic analysis: It's helpful to categorize information based on the theme to spot patterns in the overall sentiment of feedback and data.

  • Segmentation: Separating data based on customer segment is a valuable way to understand how different customers are responding to your products. It allows you to make decisions that will have a maximum positive impact on your target market.

  • Charts and graphs: By organizing data into graphs and charts, you can more easily reveal patterns and trends and act on them efficiently. Charts and graphs can also be a helpful way to communicate complex data to the broader team (who may not be as adept at data analysis).

4. Design

After the research and analysis phase, it is crucial to incorporate the insights into the design process. The research team should provide all the essential information collected to the product manager, who can then share it with the design and development team. 

It is vital to avoid relying on assumptions during this stage and instead focus on the user data and insights gathered by the research team. This approach will enhance the overall effectiveness of the designs.

Why are wireframes used as part of the UX design process?

Wireframes are used in the early stages of digital design to understand how the final product will look and function. They create the general layout, structure, and flow of a website or app so that stakeholders can better understand how the design will function without designing the entire product. Research should be embedded into the wireframing process so that the user is considered at every step. 

5. Prototyping

Once the wireframes are established, prototyping is usually the next phase. A prototype is a low-cost interactive version of the product created to allow users to view and try it before investing time and money in making it. 

Creating prototypes helps validate the design and gain early-stage feedback for product improvement. 

A prototype could be as simple as a paper version of the product or a more complex but low-fidelity creation. Alternatively, it can be a high-fidelity digital representation closely resembling the final product, complete with detailed interactions and visual design elements.

6. Testing

Testing is essential throughout the design and development process. By making iterations and continuing to test, you develop a much better understanding of how users are responding to your products. 

It’s essential to test each change to ensure its success. 

The testing process should help the product become more seamless, iron out issues, and ensure the inclusion of any aspects that make the design more meaningful. 

Why is user testing necessary?  

Testing is critical for many reasons. In particular, it: 

  • Validates the design 

  • Identifies any core usability issues

  • Ensures feedback is gathered early and embedded in the UX

  • Optimizes user satisfaction

  • Ensures user-centricity 

  • Increases user engagement and loyalty

  • Saves time, money, and reworking down the line

  • Encourages competitive excellence 

  • Aligns with market demand

7. Launch

Once you’re satisfied that the prototyping and testing phase has proved successful, it may be time to launch an early version of your product. 

This stage involves communicating and marketing your product to drum up interest in the launch–this could include social media announcements, press releases, creating a website, and launching on a relevant platform where users are interested in your product type. 

Ideally, you will launch an early (but well-refined) version of your product to continue gaining feedback from the wider community. An early version should already have been well-tested and streamlined before entering the market. If it’s untested, it may fail and be too late to resolve if customers are already displeased with the product. 

A successful launch should run seamlessly. Users should be able to download or access your product and provide feedback easily. Collating this feedback and responding fast is essential.

8. Optimization 

Once products are launched, refining the UX design isn’t complete. Successful products tend to evolve and improve continually. 

Optimization helps products improve as you gain more user feedback. It also allows for staying up-to-date, ensuring that your product is relevant in an increasingly competitive marketplace (the process must be ongoing for it to remain that way).

What's the difference between the UX and design thinking processes?

The UX design process and design thinking relate to creating user-centered products and services, but the terms differ in their focus. 

The UX design process:

UX design focuses on creating products that provide a positive user experience. It involves research to gain insights into customer wants, needs, and preferences and a design that considers those insights. UX design aims to boost product usability, satisfaction, and usefulness. 

Design thinking: 

Design thinking focuses on human-centered problem-solving and isn’t limited to product development. It emphasizes empathizing with people, understanding their problems, and devising potential solutions to those problems. Design thinking aims to create innovative solutions that address people's pain points and needs. 

Best practices for a better UX design process

Some best practices ensure that the UX design process is effective and results in better products for the end user. 

  • Set clear goals: You need clearly defined goals to collate data and information relevant to the project, saving time and money. Clear goals will help keep you on track and boost efficiency in the overall process.

  • Bring users in early: By researching early, you ensure you understand customers and their needs more deeply. If you advance too far without user input, you risk launching a product that doesn't align with market needs, potentially necessitating significant rework.

  • Iterate and test: Small iterations and tests are essential to streamline UX and ensure that products are the best they can be. Less time spent on testing could mean moments of friction or a clunky interface.

  • Collaborate: Collaboration plays a critical role. Gathering information from users in silos will not provide the essential impact it requires. Researchers, product managers, designers, and developers must seamlessly work together to understand user needs and create products with those needs in mind.

  • Design with accessibility in mind: People of all abilities must be able to access and use your products. To design for everyone, consider that your users have diverse needs. It’s essential to follow accessibility guidelines and standards, provide alternate content options where appropriate, use clear and consistent designs, offer adjustable settings, and bring people with different abilities into your testing process for feedback.

How Dovetail can improve your UX design process

Dovetail is an all-in-one platform for UX researchers. It streamlines the process of gathering, storing, and analyzing user research. 

It makes moving from raw data to actionable insights fast and straightforward, allowing you to uncover themes and trends and take appropriate action quickly. 

All that essential information gets stored in one unified place for easy access and cross-collaboration. 

Working in Dovetail saves teams valuable time and money, offering the freedom to work on what matters most––designing phenomenal products. Discover more about performing UX research with Dovetail

UX for better, more meaningful products 

While it’s tempting to expect your customers to love the products you’ve created, if you don’t involve your users in the process and design for their wants, needs, and preferences at every stage, you’re relying on assumptions, not data. 

That’s why the UX design process is essential. The principles of UX design help ensure that products and services will be a good market fit, that they’ll be easy to use, and that they will solve the intended problem.

The UX design process benefits your customers, improving engagement, conversions, and loyalty, strengthening your business, and maximizing its resources.


How do different roles fit into the UX design process?

There are various roles in the UX design process.

  • UX researchers conduct critical UX research and gather key data. They then analyze that data for key insights that can improve product designs. 

  • Product managers oversee the UX process to manage teams, get critical insights from the research team, and deliver them to the design and development teams. 

  • Product owners are distinct from product managers and have the critical role of representing the interests of stakeholders and customers, prioritizing features, and making decisions about the product's direction based on user feedback and market insights.

  • UX designers utilize user research insights to create wireframes, mockups, and user flows. They guarantee that the design is user-friendly, solves user problems, and is aesthetically pleasing.

  • Developers bring digital products to life. They use insights from the research team and well-thought-out designs from UX designers to build satisfying products. 

What happens if I skip steps in the UX design process?

Skipping UX design process steps can lead to subpar results, incomplete research, and insights that don’t solve the core problem. 

Teams that create products without involving users are following their assumptions rather than data, which can lead to product failures in the marketplace, dissatisfied users, and products that don’t deliver the intended solution. 

By following the overarching UX process, your team will be more able to design and develop genuinely relevant and satisfying products for the end user—essential for the users and the business to thrive. 

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