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What's the difference between goals and objectives?

Last updated

19 December 2023


Dovetail Editorial Team

Reviewed by

Mary Mikhail

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If you spend time in a business environment, it won't be long before you discuss goals and objectives. These essential tools help managers and senior leadership steer organizations and employees toward growth and development.

At first, it might feel like these two terms are interchangeable as they both set targets for directional growth. While they have significant overlap, it's essential to understand their nuances and differences. It’s more than just semantics—it's strategic. 

Understanding how goals and objectives differ can help you set more effective, intentional targets that drive greater organizational success.

Let's take a look at the difference between goals and objectives so you can use them more efficiently in your organization. 

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What are goals?

Goals are long-term desired outcomes. They can set the general direction of where you want to go personally or as an organization. 

Because goals offer a big-picture perspective, you can be quite broad about what you want to accomplish. 

Goals can help focus efforts, resources, and decisions, define the purpose of an organization, and guide decision-makers. 

Types of goals

Not all goals are alike. Understanding the different types of goals can help you set more meaningful targets. 

The three primary types of goals are time-based, outcome-oriented, and process-oriented. Let’s look into those a little more. 

Time-based goals

Time-based goals are goals with a specific timeframe or deadline. Setting a deadline for a goal gives it a sense of importance, motivating those working toward the goal to act urgently. Deadlines are also a straightforward measure of success. 

Example: Our tech company wants to become an innovation leader within the next five years.

Outcome-oriented goals

Outcome-oriented goals focus on the result, which is independent of a timeline. 

These goals make it easy for people within the organization to align their actions and strategies toward the common goal, as they have a clear benchmark for success.

Example: Our retail business needs to achieve net-zero carbon emissions.

Process-oriented goals

Process-oriented goals focus on the actions you need to take, a skill you need to improve, or a behavior you need to change. 

These goals prioritize methods and workflows that align with the goal. They’re often about improving performance, and it's common to break these goals into smaller, actionable steps. 

Example: We want to reduce production errors by 3% in the next six months.

How do you measure goals? 

Measuring your goals will help you understand if you've achieved your desired outcome and what you need to continue to work on. 

Approaches to measuring goals depend on the goal and how you’re measuring success. When setting goals, you should determine the metrics to measure success. This data is an excellent source of unbiased feedback on progress toward your goal. 

You might look at metrics such as increased revenue, higher customer satisfaction scores, or lower operational costs. 

Key performance indicators (KPIs) and benchmarks are quantifiable ways to measure success and track progress. What KPIs and benchmarks you track will depend on your goal. 

If your goal is to reduce production error rates, you might set a returns benchmark of under 3% and a KPI of 2% error rate. 

Measuring goals shouldn't exclusively focus on progress and achievements. They should also create a mindset of continuous improvement. Well-set goals can fuel a learning process to determine what works, what doesn't, and how you can strategically pivot toward success. 

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What are objectives?

SMART is a common acronym we use when talking about setting achievable goals. 

Goals should be: 

  • Specific

  • Measurable

  • Achievable

  • Relevant

  • Time-bound

These targets are objectives you set to achieve a larger goal. 

Your objectives create a roadmap for your goal, breaking it down into smaller, more manageable steps and offering a framework for progress. 

Objectives can guide daily efforts with clear and measurable criteria, helping people and teams take action toward the organization's ultimate goal. 

Types of objectives

Just like there are different types of goals, there are different types of objectives. 

Understanding the different objective types can help you develop a well-thought-out and feasible plan to achieve your goals. 

Objectives generally fall into three types: Strategic, tactical, or operational. 

Strategic objectives

Strategic objectives are the high-level, long-term targets that guide an organization's mission or set a course for its future. These objectives may take considerable time to achieve and often overlap with organizational goals. 

Example: We want to increase our company's market share in Europe by 20% in the next five years. 

Tactical objectives

Tactical objectives are more specific, mid-length targets than strategic objectives. They support strategic targets by outlining day-to-day actions to move toward the larger goal, whether on an individual or operational level. 

Example: We want to launch a new energy-efficient product to appeal to European buyers. 

Operational objectives

Operational objectives are specific, detailed short-term targets. They guide an organization's day-to-day actions and align them with larger tactical and strategic objectives. 

The objectives should assist leadership teams in creating actionable tasks, contributing to larger organizational goals. 

Example: We must form a development team to create an energy-efficient product in the next six months. 

How do you measure objectives? 

To effectively measure your objectives, make sure they fit into the SMART criteria: 

  • Specific: The objective should address a specific target 

  • Measurable: Determine a metric or target to measure your progress

  • Actionable: Write the objective so your team clearly understands what to do

  • Realistic: Ensure the objective you’re setting is possible

  • Time-bound: Set a time limit for your objective 

Setting SMART objectives allows you to establish clear metrics and timelines to measure your progress. 

Regularly tracking your progress through reporting, data analysis, feedback, and evaluations will confirm whether you’re on track for success or need adjustments. 

Tracking your objectives can provide valuable insights and help you make informed decisions.

The difference between goals and objectives

Goals and objectives play a role in strategic planning in an organization. 

The main difference between the two is that while goals provide vision and direction, objectives become the actionable steps to achieve those goals. At their most basic level, goals are the "why" of the organization, and the objectives are the "how." 

Let's take a closer look at the differences between goals and objectives and how those differences can assist your strategic planning. 


  • Goals align with the larger mission of the organization. 

  • Objectives create actionable steps so people can align with the larger organizational goal.


  • Goals focus on the larger picture of what the organization wants to accomplish.  

  • Objectives are detailed targets within the scope of the goal. 


  • Goals are broader and less detailed, offering a general direction or purpose. 

  • Objectives are precise targets with actionable steps and measurable progress.


  • Goals are often intangible and represent a desired outcome. 

  • Objectives are tangible ways to measure progress toward the goal. 


  • Goals often happen over the long term, taking years or even decades to achieve. 

  • Objectives are much quicker, with a short-term focus on upcoming weeks or months. 

What is the difference between goals, objectives, and targets?

Goals set a direction for an organization, and objectives are the roadmap for getting there. 

On the other hand, targets are components of an objective that create measurable milestones. They allow leadership to ensure objectives are moving toward the ultimate organizational goal. 

Understanding the hierarchy of goals, objectives, and targets can make it easier to align teams with an organization's mission and achieve those desired outcomes. 

What are the benefits of setting organizational goals and objectives?

Organizations can benefit greatly from setting goals and objectives, becoming a guiding path toward achieving their ultimate missions. 

When teams understand what the organization wants to accomplish, they can prioritize their tasks and align their efforts. This clarity can motivate teams and give them a sense of purpose and direction.

Setting goals and objectives is also an effective way of evaluating individual and team performance. It allows you to determine if efforts are paying off and if there’s room for improvement. 

These evaluations can also be an opportunity for continuous learning and skill development, which helps the team and organization grow stronger over time.

Goals can foster a deeper sense of teamwork within an organization. Collaboration becomes easier and more effective when everyone works toward a common goal.

Finally, goals and objectives create accountability, providing a framework where everyone takes ownership of their responsibilities in achieving a target. It's a structured approach that creates a more purpose-driven work environment.

Tips for formulating effective goals and objectives

Effective goals and objectives can become an organization’s roadmap to success. 

To make your goals and objectives more effective, you'll want to ensure they are clear, achievable, and impactful. 

Goals should be aspirational and broad, while objectives should follow the SMART framework to be more detailed and measurable. 

Distinguishing between the two ensures your organization's efforts are focused, well-designed, and aligned with your larger vision. 

These tips can help you write better goals and objectives:

Be specific

Vague goals and objectives will make measuring your success more challenging and create confusion. Clear goals mean your teams and organization know where to prioritize time and effort. 

Make them measurable

Your goals and objectives should be quantifiable. Metrics allow you to track progress and determine success. 

Set timelines

While not all goals need a deadline, creating a timeframe can add a sense of urgency to the endeavor and encourage more action within your team. 


It might seem unnecessary, but documenting goals and objectives will reinforce the organization's commitment to them. Ensure they’re accessible to your teams so they can use them as a guide for their goals and objectives. 

Communicate goals and objectives with all stakeholders to align the organization with the larger mission.

Review them (again and again)

Creating goals and objectives shouldn't be a one-time exercise. It’s an iterative process where you continuously evaluate, refine, and realign your goals and objectives with your mission. 

Circumstances, people, and missions can all change over time, and your goals and objectives should change along with them. Creating goals and objectives should be a learning process. 

Goal setting and objective writing are more than box-ticking exercises. They should inspire teams to take action and feel confident that they are contributing to the bigger picture. 

Rather than stifling teamwork and creativity, effective goals and objectives can create a framework that promotes innovation, collaboration, and success. 

Exceptional goal setting can foster a mindset of progress, growth, and purpose within an organization, helping everyone continuously improve.

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